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Red-culture - Windows Live  

2010-08-11 03:11:57|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1, living habits. . Trachemys habits, likes to live in Water, not afraid of people, the environment and strong adaptability. Suitable for the growth of the Water temperature is 20-32 ° c, optimal growth temperature at 25-30 degrees centigrade. When FEEding below 20 ° c, less active activities; 15 ?? below basic stop FEEding; 10 ° c, the following activities in hibernation. Trachemys is omnivorous tortoises, aquaculture is mainly to eat meat, especially juveniles, turtles, more small fish, lean meat and other animal as a main food. A turtle, can also be FEEding FEEdstuffs (banana, fruit, etc.) and workers FEEd. Red-eat big, growing FASTer than the tortoise. Usually 7-9 months of juvenile turtles hatched at room temperature, sufficient food and normal culture conditions, raising the year before winter up to 25-40 grams on average, more than 200 grams of the following year to develop a turtle, the third general up to 400 grams or more of the goods turtle specifications. However, the Red-male and female turtles turtles inconsistent growth rate, which was FASTer than the former. . 2. farmed.. 1, viewing very bright and strong Red-color, their eyes have a prominent red spot after the tympanic membrane, is the ornamental fish market pet almost indispenSable varieties. . 2, the cultivation easier growth FASTer, environmental adaptability, easy captivity, and the market price is lower than that of other turtles. With the specifications of the Brazilian tortoises, tortoise, Mauremys, tortoise, Turtle compared to lower prices in Brazil, almost ordinary goods popularization, easy-to-market consumers. 3, the market is not saturated although the Red-room for development is the largest aquaculture species, annual output more than 10,000 tons of goods turtle, the output value 400 million yuan, but the turtle vaccine mainly rely on imports to supply its introduction the number of turtle vaccine shortage, the gap larger. With the upsurge of turtle breeding, seed supply of turtle is bound to aggravate the situation. . In addition, the turtle is also set edible and medicinal value in one. Third, disease prevention and treatment. . From the current aquaculture practices, Trachemys and disease, as long as the early introduction and disease control measures taken reasonable FEEding patterns found in turtle prompt isolation and active treatment, i.e. good culture beneFits. 1, the general incidence of the disease prevention and the environment turtle, turtle body itself and FEEd the pathogen. Good and Yang Gui environment, such as Water quality, breeding requirements, around the quiet, turtle habitat reasonable science, can reduce the incidence of turtle disease. Similarly, when introduced into the kind of close to avoid long-distance transport, to avoid from the market or are not familiar with recent developments in the field of family farming into the types of turtle species of physical health, no defeCTS, the growth of FEEd to meet the needs of turtles, fresh, full and rich nutrition. Cut off the spread of pathogens to the health of turtles and other means, which can play a preventive role. . 2, treatment. (1) White-eyed patients. . Cause: due to the artificial rearing, density and a higher cause turtle trauma or Water quality deterioration, Trachemys juvenile, young turtles stage more susceptible to white eye disease. Symptoms: congestive heart disease turtle eye inflammation, and gradually bECOMes pale and swollen due to inflammation of the cornea and the surrounding erosion, eye discharge outside was covered with a white cover. After onset of the turtle, common forelimb wiping the eyes, not FEEding, severe blindness, breathing difficulties, frail and died. . Prevention method: strengthening FEEd management, focusing on doing well disinfection. The turtle and yanggui Waters, strictly sterilized FEEding utensils; strengthen the turtles FEEd nutrient composition tortoises, enhanced disease resistance. In turtle with 40ppm erythromycin liquid immersion for 60 minutes; using chlortetracycline ointment coated with turtle eye. (2) gastroenteritis. . Cause: the deterioration or to FEEd more eating utensils, Water pollution by Escherichia coli and other pathogens by turtle.. Symptoms: sick turtle eyes dull, without luster, body weight loss, do not love crawling, like drinking Water, diarrhea, stool was nose-like, the disease mostly occurs in spring, summer, autumn, summer is more prevalent in hot season. . Prevention method: improving Water quality status, and keep the Water fresh, FEEding fresh fodder, food strictly sterilized. In turtle with 30ppm erythromycin liquid immersion 60 minutes in FEEd mixes into just the right amount of oxytetracycline FEEding of turtles. (3) A rot disease. . Cause: after crustacean damaged invADIng bacteria causing rotting chitin. Symptoms: crustaceans surface DECay, or the formation of caves and even muscle, no food, little action. . Control methods: 40ppm potassium permanganate solution soaking in turtles after 15 minutes, then uses micro-crystalline poWDer potassium permanganate gently to the location of the turtle. (4) Winter Death syndrome. . Cause: due to nutritional deficiencies before winter, weak physique so that could not resist the invasion of long-term cold. A small part of postpartum parent turtles and tortoises have chronic diseases due to winter due to the dead. Symptoms: winter before, turtle body weight loss, muscle shriveled, pick up the sick turtles, touch is very light. Often floating on the surface of the Water fixed. . Prevention method: every year, southern region-August 7, particularly the turtles spawning after cessation of parents, gradually strengthen animal FEEd such as meat, such as FEEding, add just the right amount of trace elements, the physical recovery, storage of turtles of adequate nutrition for the winter. We cure disease turtle; reevsii should adopt certain insulation measures for the winter. (5) in vivo and parasites. . Cause: due to long-term Habitat in Water, causing ticks, fleas, trypanosomes, parasitic on the turtles surface or internal organs. Symptoms: turtle surface with worms and emaciation. . Prevention method: instantly clear body shell, with the copper sulphate solution (0.5 MG/l) soaking for 30 minutes, half-yearly FEEding of intestinal worm winding once. Fourth, predators prevention. . Trachemys juvenile, juvenile turtles stage more vulnerable to the snakes, rats, cats, etc., thus expressing their facilities to prevent. In ponds, pay attention to take the fish species, varieties and specifications so as not to endanger the safety of the turtle.

Red-culture - Windows Live

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